Frequently Asked Questions about pursuing Law Education
Written by Hanumant's Law Journal
Wednesday, 20 October 2010 15:11
Several students and professionals have asked me about how to become a Lawyer. So I decided to provide brief information on this topic in this article.
First of all, I would like to clear the meaning of the words Lawyer and Advocate. In India, Lawyer is an informal term for people wearing black coats. It has no legal meaning. Advocate, on the other hand, is a person whose name is registered with a State Bar Council roll in the roll of Advocates. Advocate is legal term and has a legal meaning. An Advocate has a statutory right to practice in Courts in India.
- Learning Law and Being an Advocate/How do I become a Lawyer/Advocate
You can pursue various Law degrees such as BGL or Diploma in Cyber Crime, IPR. But if you want to be an Advocate, i.e. if you want to practice law, i.e. if you want you appear in Courts as an Advocate, you need LLB degree. There is NO other degree that gives you the right to practice as an Advocate.
- Distance Learning
Various law degrees can be pursued online or through distance programs. However, LLB cannot be pursued that way. LLB must be done as a full time degree program from a University that is approved by Bar Council of India. In theory, more than 80% attendence is required for each semester/year and for each subject.
- Parttime LLB
There is no part time LLB. However, there are some Universities that offer Evening classes. Such programs are now on a decline though. Less and less number of universities/colleges are offering evening programs.
- Qualifications for entering LLB
You must be a graduate in any stream with more than 50% marks. There might be some slack for various quotas such as SC/ST/OBC/Women but that depends on the state and the University.
BCI is trying to put age limit for students entering LLB programs. As of now, the matter is in court and universities are still admitting candidates of any age.
- I am an Engineer/Doctor/CA/... and I want to pursue law
Good for you. But be aware that there is no additional credit that you can get. You have to go through the same LLB program irrespective of your graduation degree if you want to practice as an Advocate.
- But I have a job and cannot attend classes
I am not proud to say this but in most Universities/colleges, classes are a complete waste of time. Further, in most colleges, nobody follows attendence requirements. So my suggestion is to take admission is some remote University and college in a village and go for exams only.
Unfotunately, BCI is getting stricter day by day on attendence requirement. So take it while it lasts.
- Specialization/I want to be a Criminal/Civil/... Lawyer
As of now, LLB is a generic degree. It has no specialization. If you are an Advocate, you can practice in any area. You can, however, pursue LLM or various diploma course and increase your knowledge in a specific area. You can, of course, decide to work only in a specific area.
Please see List of subjects for LLB/LLM
There are tons of books for each subject. They are more or less the same.
- I want to be a Judge
The Judiciary conducts various exams for entry level Judges (i.e. Civil Judge, Munsiff, etc.). You can appear in those exams after you get LLB degree.
Last Updated on Wednesday, 25 May 2011 16:19